Synthesis and Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalytic Property of Platinum Hollow and Platinum-on-silver Nanoparticles
Pt-on-Ag bimetallic nanoparticles were prepared based on a heterogeneous nucleation and growth method. Interestingly, platinum hollow nanoparticles could be obtained by selectively removing the silver cores from Pt-on-Ag nanoparticles. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis with a high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscope (HAADF-STEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to characterize these nanostructures. The observation that Pt hollows can be produced from Pt-on-Ag nanoparticles through the dissolution of Ag metal cores indicates that particle-on-particle nanodendrites were most likely derived from the products formed through the Stranski−Krastanov (SK) growth. The carbon-supported Pt hollow catalysts, which possessed much higher catalytic activity in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) than the Pt-on-Ag nanoparticles, were also better than a commercial Pt catalyst (E-tek, 20% Pt). The nanometer-sized textures of the wall of Pt hollow spheres could contribute to the enhancement of the electrocatalytic activity.
Peng, Zhenmeng, "Synthesis and Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalytic Property of Platinum Hollow and Platinum-on-silver Nanoparticles" (2009). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 312.