Shovel-Test Sampling in Archaeological Survey: Comments on Nance and Ball, and Lightfoot
Shovel-test sampling is the most common site-discovery technique used in vegetated areas, but its effectiveness is questionable. Recent papers in American Antiquity by Nance and Ball and by Lightfoot discuss the technique at length. The papers are welcome additions to the literature, but both contain deficiencies that require comment and clarification.
Shott, Michael J., "Shovel-Test Sampling in Archaeological Survey: Comments on Nance and Ball, and Lightfoot" (1989). Anthropology Faculty Research. 448.