Joy L. Ames


This Note will discuss the three Supreme Court cases that, up to now, have defined Fourth Amendment doctrine regarding suspicionless drug testing in the public sector: National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab, Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives’ Association, and Vernonia School District v. Acton. Specifically, this Note will focus on the "special needs" analysis as it was articulated in these cases, as well as how that analysis was altered in Chandler. This Note will then thoroughly analyze the Chandler decision, pointing out its strengths in eliminating some of the subjectivity of Fourth Amendment doctrine. It will also explain the opinion’s weakness in failing to articulate its holding as a new statement of the law.