Generally there is a plethora of literature on human rights. Recently published research guides' are most helpful in assisting the researcher and scholar who wants to be informed about this vital area of international law. However, with regard to research into human rights in Africa, there are some special problems to be encountered and a dearth of primary source materials in libraries.

In reference to Africa, this focus is on the sub-Saharan states of the continent excluding the Republic of South Africa and Namibia. Before looking at the Charter, it is important to look at how the African states have recognized human rights and sought to provide the necessary protection, as well as their record of compliance. It is not the author's intention, however, to catalogue the various human rights recognized in international law. The rights to be examined briefly will be freedom from genocide and torture.