At the beginning of the twentieth century, the process of popular legislation through the use of initiative and referendum measures gained popularity in the United States. It was during this period that twelve states, including Ohio, adopted the measures of initiative and referendum. Theodore Roosevelt advocated the adoption of these measures at the Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1912 where the Ohio legislature enacted provisions for the use of these methods of popular legislation.
"Initiative and Referendum, Carter v. Celebrezze,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 15
, Article 10.
Available at: https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol15/iss1/10