Polymer Science Faculty Research

Title

In-Situ Infrared Study of the Synthesis of Polyaniline Under Acid and Neutral pH

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Fall 9-2014

Abstract

In-situ infrared study of polyaniline (PANI) synthesis showed that the reaction initiated at pH = 1.5 produced a granule PANI microstructure via para-linked dimers of 4-aminodiphenylamine, exhibiting γ(C–H) at 802 cm−1; the reaction initiated at pH = 5.0 and 7.0 produce fiberous, and planar microstructures via ortho-linked dimers of 1,2-aminodiphenylamine and phenazine, exhibiting γ(C–H) at 738 and ν(C=N) at 1446 cm−1. The doped PANI that was produced at pH less than 5.0 showed a feature-less IR background absorption above 1600 cm−1. This absorption could correspond to π-electron delocalization as an indicative of polyaniline conductivity.

Publication Title

Topics in Catalysis

Volume

57

Issue

10-13