Polymer Science Faculty Research

Title

Direct visualization of continuous simple shear in non-Newtonian polymeric fluids

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 2006

Abstract

Using a particle tracking velocimetric technique, we show direct evidence of nonlinear velocity profiles during simple-shear flow of an entangled polymer solution, offering new insight into the origins of such characteristics as stress overshoot. Upon a startup shear by imposing a constant velocity on one of the two surfaces that confine the sample, the velocity field evolves from the initial linearity across the gap to a final state with a shear rate gradient. The unexpected deviation from the widely assumed linear variation of the velocity along the gap direction is most plausibly due to the entangled polymer’s ability to disentangle in the presence of high shear that can orient the polymer chains leading to anisotropy in their mutual constraint.

Volume

96

First Page

16001