Role of network connectivity on the mechanical properties of highly cross-linked polymers
The effects of mixed functionality and degree of curing on the stress−strain behavior of highly cross-linked polymer networks are studied using molecular dynamics simulations. The networks are made dynamically in a manner similar to epoxy network formation, and the average functionality of the cross-linker, fav, is systematically varied from 3 to 6 by mixing cross-linkers with functionalities f = 3, 4, and 6. Stress−strain curves are determined for each system from tensile pull simulations. The range of strain of the plateau region (RP) in the stress−strain curve, failure strain (εf), and failure stress (σf) for fully cured networks are found to have a power law dependence on fav as . For RP and εf, α is determined to be −1.22(3) and −1.26(4), respectively. The failure strain is equal to the strain needed to make taut the maximum of the minimal paths through the network connecting the two solid surfaces. The failure stress, however, shows two distinct regions. For ≤ 4, σf increases with increase in fav and α = 1.22(5). In this fav regime, the work to failure is constant. For ≥ 4, the systems fail interfacially, σf becomes a constant, and work to failure decreases with fav. These mechanical properties are also found to depend on the degree of curing. With decrease in percentage of curing, failure stress decreases and failure strain increases. The mode of failure changes from interfacial to bulk.
Tsige, Mesfin, "Role of network connectivity on the mechanical properties of highly cross-linked polymers" (2004). Polymer Science Faculty Research. 342.