Polymer Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Kinetics of rapid structural changes during heat setting of preoriented PEEK/PEI blend films as followed by spectral birefringence technique

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2002

Abstract

The influence of composition and preorientation on the development of structural hierarchy during heat setting of PEEK/PEI films was investigated using on-line birefringence, and off-line wide-angle and small-angle X-ray scattering, infrared dichroism and thermal analysis techniques. When the PEEK/PEI blends are drawn to deformation levels below the onset of strain hardening, the subsequent heat setting at high temperature starts with a large relaxation process followed by a fast crystallization and a long-term slow structural rearrangement stages. When the films are predrawn beyond a critical structural level (crystallinity and orientation), the initial relaxation stage disappears. This signifies that beyond a critical structural order a long-range physical network, where the nodes consist of crystallized domains and chain—self and cross-entanglements—are formed. This physical network allows the entropy driven shrinkage stresses to be maintained that results in the development of oriented crystalline phase. The addition of non-crystallizable PEI chains was found to retard the formation of this ‘network structure’ resulting in lower orientation levels.

Publication Title

Polymer

Volume

43

Issue

9

First Page

2737

Last Page

2746