Polymer Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Crystallinity and microstructure in injection moldings of isotactic polypropylenes. Part II: Simulation and experiment

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Fall 2004

Abstract

The injection moldings of isotactic polypropylenes with various molecular weights were simulated using finite difference method. In the simulations, the unified crystallization model proposed in our previous paper was applied. The prediction of crystallinity and microstructure development in the moldings was based upon the crystallization kinetics and the “competing mechanisms” for introducing various microstructure layers in the moldings. Extensive injection molding experiments were carried out. The pressure traces during the molding experiments were recorded. The crystallinity distribution in the moldings was determined using differential scanning calorimetry. The measurements on the microstructure embedded in the moldings were performed, including the thickness of the highly oriented skin layer and the gapwise distribution of the spherulite sizes. The measured data for the crystallinity and microstructure in the moldings were compared with the simulated results. The effects of molecular weight and processing conditions on the development of crystallinity and microstructure in the moldings were elucidated. Theoretical predictions were found to be in a good agreement with experimental measurements.

Volume

39

First Page

2132

Last Page

2149