Polymer Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Phase Behavior of Rapidly Quenched PVDF/PMMA Blends as Characterized by Raman Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and Thermal Techniques

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Fall 6-15-2007

Abstract

Although PVDF/PMMA blends have been studied extensively, the phase behavior as a function of melt quenching conditions has not been examined in detail in the past. In this paper we report our results on the isotropic blends of PVDF/PMMA quenched into ice water as well as on a casting roll set at 30°C in all composition ranges. The results confirm the miscibility of this blend for all composition ranges, although at high PVDF (∼85%) concentration micro heterogeneities were evidenced through thermal analysis. Though pure PVDF is observed to be mostly in the α crystalline form, the addition of PMMA favors the β crystal structure in composition range 85/15–60/40. Ice water quenching yields amorphous blends containing more than 40% PMMA and these films are deemed good candidates for rubbery state processes (between Tg and Tcc), including tenter frame biaxial stretching, where they can be oriented significantly at these low temperatures while undergoing strain induced crystallization.

Publication Title

Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics

Volume

46

Issue

4

First Page

667

Last Page

682