Efficiencies of Perovskite Hybrid Solar Cells Influenced by Film Thickness and Morphology of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx Layer
Perovskite hybrid solar cells (pero-HSCs) have been intensively investigated due to their promising photovoltaic performance. However, the correlations between the efficiencies of pero-HSCs and thin film thicknesses and morphologies of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx perovskite layers are rarely addressed. In this study, we report the correlation between the efficiencies of “planar heterojunction” (PHJ) pero-HSCs and the thin film thicknesses and morphologies of solution-processed CH3NH3PbI3−xClx perovskite layers. Investigation of absorption spectra, X-ray diffraction patterns, atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy images of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx layers indicate that the efficiencies of PHJ pero-HSCs are dependent on the film thickness, as the thickness of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx is less than 400 nm; whereas the efficiencies are significantly dependent on the film morphologies of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx layers as the thickness is larger than 400 nm. Our studies provide a promising pathway for fabricating high efficiency PHJ pero-HSCs.
Wang, Kai; Liu, Chang; Du, Pengcheng; Chen, Long; Zhu, Jiahua; Karim, Alamgir; and Gong, Xiong, "Efficiencies of Perovskite Hybrid Solar Cells Influenced by Film Thickness and Morphology of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx Layer" (2015). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 2336.