Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research

Title

A Rapid Magnetic Particle Driven Micromixer

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 5-2008

Abstract

Performances of a magnetic particle driven micromixer are predicted numerically. This micromixer takes advantages of mixing enhancements induced by alternating actuation of magnetic particles suspended in the fluid. Effects of magnetic actuation force, switching frequency and channel’s lateral dimension have been investigated. Numerical results show that the magnetic particle actuation at an appropriate frequency causes effective mixing and the optimum switching frequency depends on the channel’s lateral dimension and the applied magnetic force. The maximum efficiency is obtained at a relatively high operating frequency for large magnetic actuation forces and narrow microchannels. If the magnetic particles are actuated with a much higher or lower frequency than the optimum switching frequency, they tend to add limited agitation to the fluid flow and do not enhance the mixing significantly. The optimum switching frequency obtained from the present numerical prediction is in good agreement with the theoretical analysis. The proposed mixing scheme not only provides an excellent mixing, even in simple microchannel, but also can be easily applied to lab-on-a-chip applications with a pair of external electromagnets.

Publication Title

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

Volume

4

Issue

5

First Page

375

Last Page

389