On Ductile Fracture Initiation Toughness: Effects of Void Volume Fraction, Void Shape and Void Distribution
This paper studies the effects of the initial relative void spacing, void pattern, void shape and void volume fraction on ductile fracture toughness using three-dimensional, small scale yielding models, where voids are assumed to pre-exist in the material and are explicitly modeled using refined finite elements. Results of this study can be used to explain the observed fracture toughness anisotropy in industrial alloys. Our analyses suggest that simplified models containing a single row of voids ahead of the crack tip is sufficient when the initial void volume fraction remains small. When the initial void volume fraction becomes large, these simplified models can predict the fracture initiation toughness (JIc) with adequate accuracy but cannot predict the correct J–R curve because they over-predict the interaction among growing voids on the plane of crack propagation. Consequently, finite element models containing multiple rows of voids should be used when the material has large initial void volume fraction.
International Journal of Solids and Structures
Gao, Xiaosheng; Wang, Tianhong; and Kim, Jinkook, "On Ductile Fracture Initiation Toughness: Effects of Void Volume Fraction, Void Shape and Void Distribution" (2005). Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research. 932.