Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research


Prediction of Cleavage Fracture in Ferritic Steels: A Modified Weibull Stress Model

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A modified three-parameter Weibull stress model is proposed in this paper, which considers the conjoint influences of plastic strain and stress triaxiality in the region of the crack tip. The model parameters are calibrated using two sets of fracture toughness data obtained from specimens exhibiting different constraint conditions at fracture, namely, deep-cracked compact tension specimens and shallow-cracked single-edge bending specimens. The master curve method is used to relate the fracture toughness data obtained at the different test temperatures. The calibrated Weibull stress model is then used to predict the cumulative failure probability of cleavage fracture for specimens containing surface cracks and loaded in varying combinations of tension and bending. The model predictions capture the measured toughness distributions for both bolt-loaded and pin-loaded specimens, while concurrently revealing a strong influence of the difference in crack tip constraint, due to different mode of loading, on probability of failure by cleavage. This effectively proves the applicability of the modified model for predicting cleavage-type fracture in ferritic steels.

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Materials Science and Engineering: A





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