Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research


On Stress-State Dependent Plasticity Modeling: Significance of the Hydrostatic Stress, the Third Invariant of Stress Deviator and the Non-Associated Flow Rule

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Publication Date

Winter 2-2011


It has been shown that the plastic response of many materials, including some metallic alloys, depends on the stress state. In this paper, we describe a plasticity model for isotropic materials, which is a function of the hydrostatic stress as well as the second and third invariants of the stress deviator, and present its finite element implementation, including integration of the constitutive equations using the backward Euler method and formulation of the consistent tangent moduli. Special attention is paid for the adoption of the non-associated flow rule. As an application, this model is calibrated and verified for a 5083 aluminum alloy. Furthermore, the Gurson–Tvergaard–Needleman porous plasticity model, which is widely used to simulate the void growth process of ductile fracture, is extended to include the effects of hydrostatic stress and the third invariant of stress deviator on the matrix material.

Publication Title

International Journal of Plasticity





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