Date of Graduation

Summer 2015

Document Type

Honors Research Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Major

Athletic Training

Research Sponsor

Stacey Buser

First Reader

Carrie Fister

Second Reader

Ronald Otterstetter

Abstract

Recently the role of vitamin D in other non-classical capacities has been evaluated. One of these non-classical vitamin D roles is assisting in maintaining proper immune system health. One disease that has a great effect on the immune system is influenza. Vitamin D helps to prevent and limit influenza by moderating the inflammatory cytokines as well as promoting the production of monocytes that help destroy the invading materials. Through the use of vitamin D supplementation the recommended daily amount of vitamin D can be assured and optimal health could be achieved. The purpose of this project was to design a research study to determine the effects of vitamin D supplementation on the rate of influenza-like illnesses. Each subject in the study will be assigned a number and randomly placed into one of two groups. One group will be the experimental group (group 1) and the other will be the control group (group 2). Group 1 will contain one hundred subjects and group 2 will contain one hundred subjects. Each group will receive seven tablets once a week with the instruction to take one each day with a meal. Group 1 will be given the vitamin D supplements and group 2 will be given the placebo tablets. The subjects will all be instructed to report any influenza or influenza-like illnesses by emailing the researchers after every out-patient doctor visit that resulted in a diagnosis of influenza or influenza-like illness. The number of out-patient doctor visits for each subject in group 1 will be added together and the number of out-patient doctor visits for each subject in group 2 will be added together. This study will hope to provide insight and significance to the battle against influenza and influenza-like illnesses and its association to vitamin D.