Date of Graduation

Spring 2018

Document Type

Honors Research Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Major

Nursing

Research Sponsor

Lisa Hart

First Reader

Karen Fitzgerald

Second Reader

Sheau-Huey Chiu

Abstract

Many nurses suffer from burnout and compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue is “fatigue, emotional distress, or apathy resulting from the constant demands of caring for others or from constant appeals from charities” (Compassion Fatigue, n.d.). Burnout develops over a long period of time as a result of cumulative frustrations within a work environment (Sacco, Ciurzynski, Harvey, & Ingersoll, 2015). Burnout and compassion fatigue both result in physical and mental strain on the person experiencing it. Compassion fatigue and burnout in nurses are associated with decreased patient satisfaction and poorer outcomes with care (Potter et al., 2010). The goal of the systematic study was to describe and critically appraise the evidence of factors for compassion fatigue and burnout in U.S. nurses. Twenty primary source publications between years 2010 and 2017 were analyzed for this systematic review. Factors for compassion fatigue and burnout in U.S. nurses include: age, years working as a nurse, environment of work, coping mechanisms, and specialties.

Included in

Nursing Commons

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