Date of Graduation

Spring 2017

Document Type

Honors Research Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Major

Nursing

Research Sponsor

Diane Lorenzen

First Reader

Sheau-Huey Chiu

Second Reader

Michele Wilmonth

Abstract

Childhood obesity affects 155 million children worldwide. As prevalence increases, it is important to identify effective interventions in the treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. Obesity may result in short and long term effects linked to some of the leading causes of morbidity and early mortality. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise evidence from studies examining the effect of family and school based interventions. This review answers the following PICO question: In children, how do family based interventions compare to school based interventions, in the prevention and treatment of obesity? Methods included literature searches in university databases and Google Scholar for relevant studies. Studies were critically appraised for their validity, reliability, and limitations. It was found that both school and family interventions are beneficial in decreasing body mass index (BMI), increasing physical activity, improving nutrition and dietary habits, decreasing blood pressure and cholesterol, and improving attitudes and psychosocial outcomes. A definitive conclusion cannot be drawn to determine if school or family based interventions result in a better outcome. Thus, further research is needed that compares school and family based interventions in the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.