Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Biocompatibility and Fatigue Properties of Polystyrene-polyisobutylene-polystyrene, an Emerging Thermoplastic Elastomeric Biomaterial

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2006

Abstract

This paper will discuss the biocompatibility and dynamic fatigue properties of polystyrene-b-polyisobutylene-b-polystyrene thermoplastic elastomer with 30 wt % polystyrene (SIBS30), an emerging FDA-approved biomaterial. SIBS30 is a very soft, transparent biomaterial resembling silicone rubber, with superior mechanical properties. Using the hysteresis method adopted for soft biomaterials, the dynamic fatigue properties of SIBS30 were found to be between those of polyurethane and silicone rubber, with fatigue life twice as long as that of silicone. Under single load testing (SLT, 1.25 MPa), SIBS30 displayed less than half the dynamic creep compared to silicone, both in air and in vitro (37 °C, simulated body fluid). Hemolysis and 30- and 180-day implantation studies revealed excellent biocompatibility of the new biomaterial. The results presented in this paper indicate that, in comparison with silicone rubber, SIBS30 has similar biocompatibility and superior dynamic fatigue properties.

Publication Title

Biomacromolecules

Volume

7

Issue

3

First Page

844

Last Page

850