Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Ultrasound Assisted Emulsion Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and Styrene

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 2000

Abstract

In this article, we report on the effect of using ultrasound during emulsion polymerization. This work differs somewhat from that previously reported in that ultrasound is used in conjunction with conventional initiators. The aim is to observe the changes in the nature of polymerization and the synthesized polymer. In this work, reaction conditions and compositions typical of conventional emulsion polymerization are used. Azo-bisisobutyronitrile and potassium per sulfate are the initiators used. The initial indication is that the rate of polymerization and the final conversion are higher when ultrasound is introduced into the polymerization system. This effect is more pronounced at lower temperatures (50°C) and low initiator concentrations (0.01%). At higher temperatures (70°C) the polymerization rate is seemingly unaffected by the use of ultrasound. The final product in all the experiments is a latex. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 76: 101–104, 2000

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Volume

76

Issue

1

First Page

101

Last Page

104