Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research

Title

A New Pdms Macromonomer Stabilizer for Dispersion Polymerization of Styrene in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Summer 2004

Abstract

Free radical polymerization of styrene in supercritical CO2 requires addition of a surfactant to produce polystyrene (PS) in high conversion and molecular weight with well-defined particle sizes. In this work, we examined a new stabilizer that can provide effective stabilization for the polymerization of styrene. A commercially available poly(dimethylsiloxane) macromonomer has been employed as a stabilizer for dispersion polymerization of PS in scCO2. The reactions were conducted in a 225-mL stainless steel autoclave over the temperature range 60–80°C and under pressures of 1,500 to 3,000 psi. After 2–12 h of polymerization, the conversion determined by gravimetrical method was between 20 and 80%. These preliminary results suggest that this macromonomer offers satisfactory stabilization for the styrene system. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 93: 545–549, 2004

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Volume

93

Issue

2

First Page

545

Last Page

549