Cell Multipole Method for Molecular Simulations in Bulk and Confined Systems
One of the bottlenecks in molecular simulations is to treat large systems involving electrostatic interactions. Computational time in conventional molecular simulation methods scales with O(N2), where N is the number of atoms. With the emergence of new simulations methodologies, such as the cell multipole method (CMM), and massively parallel supercomputers, simulations of 10-million atoms or more have been performed. In this work, the optimal hierarchical cell level and the algorithm for Taylor expansion were recommended for fast and efficient molecular dynamics simulations of three-dimensional (3D) systems. CMM was then extended to treat quasi-two-dimensional (2D) systems, which is very important for condensed matter physics problems. In addition, CMM was applied to grand canonical ensembleMonte Carlo simulations for both 3D and 2D systems. Under the optimal conditions, our results show that computational time is approximately linear with N for large systems, average error in total potential energy is about 0.05% for 3D and 0.32% for 2D systems, and the RMS force error is 0.27% for 3D and 0.43% for 2D systems when compared with the Ewald summation.
Zheng, Jie, "Cell Multipole Method for Molecular Simulations in Bulk and Confined Systems" (2003). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 250.