Titania (TiO2) nanofibers doped with erbia (Er2O3) have been synthesized by electrospinning mixtures of polymers, titanium-containing materials, and erbia particles. These electrospun nanofibers are subsequently annealed at temperatures of 800, 900, 1000, and 1050 degrees C to remove the organics and leave behind the metal oxides. The crystal structure and optical properties of the metal oxides depend on the annealing temperature, and we characterize these nanofibers using x-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An Er2Ti2O7 phase is formed in an amount which depends on the annealing temperature, and relationships between the nature of FTIR spectra and the relative amounts of different phases are demonstrated. Finally, the relevance of this work to thermophotovoltaics and other applications is discussed. (c) 2007 American Vacuum Society.
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A
Bender, E. T.; Wang, R.; Aljarrah, M. T.; Evans, Edward A.; and Ramsier, R. D., "Synthesis and Characterization of Erbia Doped Metal Oxide Nanofibers for Applications in the Rmophotovoltaics" (2007). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 18.