IT HAS ONLY BEEN within the last 50 years that there has been official recognition of the debilitating legal and social consequences that result from a citizen's arrest and conviction. Legally imposed restrictions and the social stigma concomitant with a criminal record effectively operate to penalize ex-convicts even after they have paid their "debt" to society. A person with merely an arrest record suffers damage to reputation, impeachment as a witness, disabilities in acquiring schooling and professional licenses, more intense police scrutiny, and direct economic losses. Consequences of a criminal conviction are more severe.
Wagner, James L.
"Expungement in Ohio: Assimilation Into Society for the Former Criminal,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 8
, Article 10.
Available at: http://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol8/iss3/10