The first question the courts must consider is whether there are any limitations on when and how university officials may search a dormitory room. Since the fourth amendment has no application to searches and seizures conducted by private individuals, the courts have jurisdiction to review only state action infringing on the constitutional right to a reasonable expectation of privacy. In spite of indirect public financial support and state regulation of private universities, the courts have thus far held that the actions of private university officials are not to be considered as a form of state action. Thus this article is concerned only with the actions of public university officials, since such action is state action within the meaning of the fourteenth amendment.
Bacigal, Ronald J.
"Warrantless Search of a College Dormitory,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 7
, Article 7.
Available at: http://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol7/iss3/7