It seems that our maligned Congress, so docile at times in the face of presidential aggrandizement of power, is forging a constitutional crisis. The basic issue involved is whether the President has authority, either constitutional or statutory, to refuse to spend funds appropriated by Congress. The questions pursued in the following pages are basically four: does the President have the (1) statutory, (2) historical, (3) case, or (4) constitutional authority to continue to impound?
Figurski, Gerald A.
"Presidential Impoundment of Funds: A Constitutional Crisis,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 7
, Article 7.
Available at: http://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol7/iss1/7