The "academic scholarship" to which Cardozo referred related principally to the articles appearing in law reviews of the law schools during that period in time. Almost immediately upon their establishment, the student-edited law reviews became a significant and lasting feature of legal education in the United States. Since the publication of the first student-edited law review in the 1870s, the law review institution has advanced to the stage where today, more than 400 such periodicals are published. Their history, though interesting in itself, provides many insights into the development of legal education generally.
Closen, Michael L. and Dzielak, Robert J.
"The History and Influence of the Law Review Institution,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 30
, Article 2.
Available at: http://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol30/iss1/2