The above procedure in the United States is conducted as follows: on the state and local level by the local police departments, with the arraignment and indictment being handled by the local county prosecutor; or on the federal level by federal police agencies operating through the U. S. attorney. The incarceration of the convicted person is handled by county or state agencies on the one hand, or federal penal institutions on the other. One similarity between the Russian System and ours is that in United States criminal practice on the federal level the coordination and uniformity essential to reform and efficiency are, as under the Soviet system, under the control of the central government. However, the type of relationship existing within the U.S. system precludes the federal coercion of local units which is a chief characteristic of the Soviet system.
Shoemaker, John H.
"The Administratioin of Criminal Justice in the U.S.S.R.,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 3
, Article 3.
Available at: http://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol3/iss1/3